Aphakia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Complications

What is Aphakia?

Aphakia is the absence of the lens of the eye. lens may be congenitally absent or this condition may be acquired due due to surgery or injury.

Symptoms of aphakia

The main feature of aphakia is not having a lens. This can produce other symptoms, such as:

  • Blurred vision
  • Trouble focusing on objects
  • Loss of accommodation
  • Farsightedness
  • Changes in color vision, which involves colors appearing faded

What causes aphakia?

  • Cataract Surgery: Surgical removal of lens in cataract surgery.
  • Genetics: Some babies are born without eye lenses.
  • Injuries: Accidents and injuries to your face can damage your lens or cause it to detach inside your eye.

Treatment

Treating aphakia usually involves surgery for both children and adults.

It’s important for babies with aphakia to have surgery as soon as possible because their eyes develop very quickly. They’ll need glasses or special contact lenses that they can sleep in and wear for long periods of time after surgery. They can receive an artificial lens implant once they’re about a year old.

Surgery for adults with aphakia often involves removing the damaged lens if needed and implanting an artificial one. The procedure, usually done using a local anesthetic, can take less than an hour. Your doctor may prescribe contact lenses or glasses after surgery to improve your vision.

Complications

Most people easily recovery from eye surgery, but there are a few possible complications.

  • Aphakic glaucoma
  • Retinal detachment
  • Vitreous detachment

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